- UV radiations
Most of the type of cancer share the risk factors –
- 10% of cancers and 20% of cancer deaths are due to smoking.
- 3% of cancer is related to consumption of alcohol.
- Exposure to radiation
- Faulty diet
- Genetics / Inherited faulty gene
Sometimes cancer may also develop without any cause.
Cancer may be caused in case any of family member also had cancer. It is generally because of –
- Similar food and lifestyle habits (eating and smoking)
- Inherited faulty gene that causes cancer.
- Just by chance
How to know you have chance of developing cancer if someone in your family also has cancer ?
- Look at number of blood relatives who had cancer.
- Age at which the cancer is developed among the family members.
- Pattern of cancer in the family.
Types of family cancer –
- Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
- Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (known as HNPCC)
- Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer
- Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2)
- Von Hippel Lindau syndrome (VHL)
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1)
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2)
Genetic testing is the testing of a persons genes. In this technique faulty genes is tested based on strong family history of cancer and the age at which they develop cancer.
Environmental Causes –
There are some environmental causes which are responsible for causing cancer. These may be biological (viruses or bacteria), physical (UV and x-rays), and some carcinogen chemicals.
- Air pollution
- Solarium tanning
- Drinking alcohol
- Deliberate exposure to sunlight
- Excessive exposure to some of the chemicals.
- Smoking marijuana
- Chemicals in processed meat
Inferred risk –
- Use of hair dyes
- Living near power lines
Unknown carcinogen risk –
- Mobile phone use
- Sodium lauryl sulphate in cosmetics
Unlikely risk –
- Drinking coffee
- Consuming artificial sweetener
- Using deodorants
- Dental fillings
- Breast implants
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