Sign, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment of Fanconi anaemia
What is Fanconi Anemia (FA) ?
Fanconi Anaemia (FA) is a kind of autosomal recessive disorder which was first described by Swiss paediatrician Guido Fanconi. Fanconi Anaemia (FA) is a rare genetic disorder resulting in impaired response to DNA damage. Fanconi Anameia is a genetic disorder that results in bone marrow failure. Fanconi Anaemia (FA) prevents your bone marrow from making enough new blood cells for your body to work normally. FA also can cause your bone marrow to make many faulty blood cells. This can lead to serious health problems, such as leukemia (a type of blood cancer). Fanconi Anaemia is different from Fanconi syndrome a rare kidney disorder which results in kidney filtering out all the necessary nutrients out of the body via urine.
Causes of Fanconi Anaemia (FA)
- Fanconi Anaemia is transferred from parents to children through genes, hence it is a genetic or inherited disorder.
- Fanconi Ameamia occurs when both parents pass both faulty genes to the children.
Risk factors for Fanconi Anaemia (FA)
- Fanconi Anaemia being a inherited disease hence children born in the family history of both faulty genes are at more risk of developing this disease.
Fanaconi Anemia (FA) symptoms
- Bone marrow failure
- Birth defects
- Developmental or eating problems
- Pale skin
- Chest Pain
- Bone or skeleton defects
- Eye or ear defects
- Low birth weight
- Poor appetite
- Delayed growth
- Underdeveloped sex organs
Diagnosis of Fanconi Anemia (FA)
- Physical examination and history.
- Complete blood count with differential.
- Blood chemistry studies.
- Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.
- Cytogenetic analysis.
- Lumbar puncture.
- Chest X-ray
Treatment of Fanconi Anemia (FA)
Doctor may advise surgery for birth defects that affects the arms, thumbs, hips, or any other parts of the body.
Although treatment of Fanconi Anemia (FA) depends on lot of factors like age, time of diagnosis and its type, however Bone marrow stem cell transplant is among the best options.
Cost of treatment – Fanconi Anemia (FA)
Cost of treatment for FA vary from hospital to hospital India. It also varies on time of diagnosis and its symptoms. The total cost may vary between $ 25000 USD up to $ 75,000 USD depending up to the treatment required.
Best hospitals for Fanconi Anemia treatment in India
- BLK Superspecialty Hospital, New Delhi
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
- Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center, Bangalore
- HCG EKO Cancer Cneter, Kolkata
- American Oncology, Hyderabad
- Gleneagles Global Health City, Chennai
- Gleneagles Global BGS, Bangalore
- Continental Hospital, Hyderabad
- Yashoda Hospital, Hyderabad
- Seven Hills, Mumbai
Cost of Fanconi Anemia treatment in India
Cost of adrenal cancer treatment in India varies from hospital to hospital and stage of the disease. Treatment cost of adrenal cancer may vary from $ 3500 – $ 42,000 USD.
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