What is Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML) ?
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML) is a very rare kind of Cancer. This type of cancer occurs in young children. JMML develops very slowly and sometimes also called as juvenile chronic myelogenous leukaemia (JCML). In this condition bone marrow produces defected white blood cells or too many white blood cells and then these cells circulate on other parts of body and effects other organs.
Risk factors for Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML)
- Exposure to x-ray before birth.
- Exposure to radiation.
- Past treatment with chemotherapy.
- Genetic conditions like down syndrome, neurofibromatosis type 1, bloom syndrome, fanconi anemia, ataxia telangiectasia, li-fraumeni syndrome.
- Certain changes in chromosomes or genes.
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML) symptoms
- Repeated infection
- Increased bruising and bleeding
- Bone pain
- Swollen tender gum
- Skin rashes
- Enlarged lymph glands
- Chest pains
Diagnosis of Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML)
- Physical examination and history.
- Complete blood count with differential.
- Blood chemistry studies.
- Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.
- Cytogenetic analysis.
- Lumbar puncture.
- Chest X-ray
Treatment of Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML)
Although treatment of AML depends on lot of factors like age, time of diagnosis and its type, however Bone marrow stem cell transplant is among the best options.
Cost of treatment – Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML)
Cost of treatment for AML vary from hospital to hospital India. It also varies on time of diagnosis and its symptoms. The total cost may vary between $ 25000 USD up to $ 75,000 USD depending up to the treatment required.
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